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Proliferate the positive state of mind with five intensifying factors

Lesson for mindfulness - part 16:

Proliferate the positive state of mind with five intensifying factors

Siri Sudassanarama
sadaham senasuna
Ven. Dr. Mirisse Dhammika thero

Overall, mindfulness practice aims at a combination of two processes (Harvey) : a) the cultivation and growth of wholesome, positive mental states; and b) the

weakening, and final eradication, of mental, ‘impediments’. These two parallel processes are enabled through the development of mindfulness. As I discussed above, five hindrances are debilitated by the technique of mindfulness on contemplation of mental objects. In order to proliferate the positive state of mind, one should concentrate on “five intensifying factors” (Rowlands), Nyanaponoka, cited in Harvey. These lead the mind towards its culmination of mental clarity and absorption: mindfulness in the fullest sense. These five intensifying factors are (Harvey).

1. Vitakka, or ‘Applied thought’; applying, and re-applying the mind to the meditation object.

* Vicara, ‘Examination’ or ‘sustained thought’; a sustained examination and exploration of the meditation object; keeping the mind on the object.

* Piti: or ‘Joy’: physical and mental zest and energisation, felt, at first, as mind joyful tingles, later in a more sustained and intense way.

* Sukha or ‘Happiness”: a harmonization of energy that expresses itself in a more tranquil and calm way than joy, as a deeply contented inner happiness and Citta-ekaggata, or ‘one-pointedness of mind’: unification of the mind and its energies, through being wholly focused on the meditation object.

The above five intensifying factors may develop and ennoble gradually, though; the result depends on the practitioner’s effort, determination and perseverance.

It is substantial and notable here that one may counteract, using these five intensifying factors, the five hindrances and overcome negative intensity in the mind. Harvey states.

* Applied thought counteracts dullness and drowsiness: by engaging the mind in activity.

* Examination counteracts vacillation; by sustained application to the task at hand.

* Joy counteracts ill-will: by being a warm, uplifting energistation, rather than a fiery one.

* Happiness counteracts restlessness and worry: by being a calm contented feeling which avoids the extremes of elation and depression.

One-pointedness of mind counteracts desire for more alluring and indulgent pleasurable sense experiences: by letting the mind remain, in stillness, on one object, without wanting to shuffle off in search of others.

It is clear that at this stage, the practitioner should maintain his/her full strength of mindfulness, of contemplation, expression and re-expression to counteract the hindrances until he/she establishes the strong habit of natural flux of mindfulness. When these factors naturally arise in the mind, the practitioner is having clear, comprehensive mental clarity, which is more durable and sustainable. This may lead to the potential stage of mental culmination of attainment of the full state of mental clarity-Jhana

(Visuddhimagga and Vimuttimagga).

දුරුතු පුර අටවක පෝය

ජනවාරි 09 ඉරිදා පූ.භා. 11.15 පුර අටවක ලබා 10 සඳුදා අ.භා. 12.30 ගෙවේ
09 ඉරිදා සිල්

පොහෝ දින දර්ශනය

First Quarterපුර අටවක

ජනවාරි 09

Full Moonපසළොස්වක

ජනවාරි 17

Second Quarterඅව අටවක

ජනවාරි 25   

Full Moonඅමාවක

ජනවාරි 31




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